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JOHN DEERE - 1590 Back
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Box drills are not all created equal. To choose the right John Deere drill for your needs, answer the questions below. Then, visit your dealer for help with your final selection.

1. What crops are you drilling?
Soybeans: Your best choice is the 1590 No-Till Drill. When ordered with the front-rank lock-up option, the 1590's 7.5- or 10-inch spacing converts to 15- or 20-inch spacing.

Small grains or grasses: Select from the 1590 No-Till Drill, the 1520 Drill or the 455 Folding Drill. All can be equipped with a grass-seed attachment, and several row-spacing options are available.

2. What are your residue levels?
A drill's residue-handling capabilities rest largely on its opener. In fields with minimal residue, the double-disk opener on the 455 Drills works well. For no-till, don't settle for anything but the single-disk opener found on the 1590. It provides superb results in conservation applications.

3. How critical is consistent depth control?
If you're drilling soybeans, canola or alfalfa, it's essential to maintain a uniform seeding depth. That's why the 1590 Drill has a depth-gauging wheel located right where the seed enters the soil. All other drills are available with depth-gauging wheels that trail behind the opener. Most not only provide consistent depth control, but also firm seed into the furrow.

Productive seedbox capacities
Easy-to read seed level indicator
Accurate fertilizer metering
Box drill acre meter


With seed prices on the rise, producers want the ability to monitor and control seed populations on the go.

Electronic population rate control (EPRC), in base equipment on the 1590 Drill, allows producers to adjust the population rate right from the convenience of their tractor cab.

The system:
Features an in-cab rocker switch to adjust the electric motor that controls the population rate
Is manually adjusted the operator must hold down the adjustment switch until the desired rate is met
Can be overridden by pushing back on the motor to allow the producer to make a manual adjustment to the rate if needed

NOTE: To give producers the ability to monitor the population rate on the go, it is highly recommended they equip the unit with a ComputerTrak monitor or SeedStar population monitoring.

NOTE: One system is used with 3.05-m (10-ft) and 4.6-m (15-ft) drills. The 6.1-m (20-ft) models require two systems.

Seedboxes have large capacity for longer intervals between stops for refilling.

Plain grain or combination grain/fertilizer seedboxes are available to match the producer's needs and crops.

The versatile grain/fertilizer box with 19-mm (7.5-in.) row spacing can be set for 100 percent grain or 60 percent grain/40 percent fertilizer.

The bulkheads in the seedbox reduce material shifting in the box for increased seeding efficiency.

The sight glass located near the end of the box on combination grain fertilizer drills allows the operator to view seed level at a glance.

A long, internally smooth seed tube with a molded elbow is supported at the seed tube support. From there, it is connected to a short convoluted seed tube, allowing product to flow smoothly to the openers and still flex.

The tube flexes to avoid crimping for consistent seed flow. It is made of non-corrosive nylon material for long life. Long tubes are 55.4 cm (21.8 in.) and short tubes are 10.8 cm (4.25 in.).

Elbow at meters to angle the seed tube directly to the openers.

The smooth inside diameter provides smooth seed flow from the meters to the furrow openers.

The combination grain/fertilizer drill with 19-cm (7.5-in.) row spacing features a convoluted tube directing fertilizer from the discharge hole to the top of the steel seed tube at the seed boot. From there, a special Y-adapter lets seed and fertilizer mix before going into the furrow.

ProSeries single-disk no-till openers are included in base equipment. The single-disk openers are mounted on one rank on the 38.1-cm (15-in.) row spacing single rank units and on two ranks on the 19-cm (7.5-in.) and 25.4-cm (10-in.) row-spacing units. The single-disk openers provide consistent and accurate seed placement.

The single-disk openers are gang mounted and are hydraulically raised and lowered. The hydraulics also work to provide a wide range of downforce settings for the openers.

The active hydraulics work in conjunction with the opener spring to provide an adjustable range of 74.8 kg to 181.4 kg (165 lb to 400 lb) of down pressure per opener to penetrate hard soils and heavy residue.

The down pressure is easily adjusted with the pressure valve located on the front of the mainframe, giving the operator the ability to quickly adjust, or dial in, the down pressure as operating conditions change.

For additional ballast in hard-to-penetrate conditions, tractor suitcase weights may also be added to obtain maximum down pressure per opener. On the 3.05-m (10-ft) and 4.6-m (15-ft) machines, up to 10 weights can be added. On 6.1-m (20-ft) machines, up to 20 weights can be added (10 per side).

The no-till openers work not only in no-till conditions, but also in clean-till conditions. There are 5.1 cm (2 in.) of free travel in the opener before spring down pressure takes over, allowing the opener to move over individual rocks and minimizing the chance of the gauge wheels bulldozing soil in soft or mellow conditions.

Secondly, the opener spring will then travel a maximum of 20.3 cm (8 in.) up or 15.2 cm (6 in.) down before the hydraulics react to uneven seedbeds.

Lastly, the cylinders will allow the openers to travel up or down an additional 40.6 cm (16 in.) with active hydraulic down pressure to follow the ground. The hydraulics will give the openers additional pressure when needed or allow the openers to go into relief if the pressure becomes too high.

See your John Deere dealer for a complete list of available features and options.

Similar models may be shown in addition to the featured model. Equipment may be shown with options.

Specifications are subject to change without prior notice.
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